‍5 Strategies to Promote Critical Thinking in Children

Man looking at a wall filled with ideas

What is critical thinking?

Critical thinking can be defined as the ability to objectively analyse and evaluate information, whereby sound judgment is made in the process of decision-making. It is a process through which logical reasoning, evidence-based thinking, as well as skills for problem-solving are applied. By teaching and promoting critical thinking in children, we are equipping them with the tools they need to discern between fact and opinion, think critically about the world around them, and make informed choices.

The benefits of promoting critical thinking in children

Promoting critical thinking in children gives many advantages that go beyond the classroom. It is through thinking critically that the students become good problem solvers, effective communicators, and confident decision-makers. Critical thinking promotes creativity and innovation, that is, being creative on how best to solve a problem by putting into consideration alternative ways of coming up with solutions.

Strategies to promote critical thinking in children

a. Encourage open-ended questions

One of the strategies that can be used to promote children’s critical thinking is by encouraging contemplating open-ended questions. Open-ended questions create an environment whereby children make a thorough, serious and careful search in their minds about whatever they are questioned about. This can be brought about by the process of asking children questions like, “Why do you think that happened?” or “What are the possible solutions to this problem?”.

b. Provide opportunities for problem-solving

Problem-solving is a good example of critical thinking. We engage children in critical thinking and solution-finding when we provide them with opportunities to solve problems. Whether it’s a maths problem, a real-life scenario, or a hands-on activity, problem-solving exercises engage children’s cognitive abilities and encourage them to think analytically This is something we can encourage as parents and educators by allowing them to interact with age-appropriate challenges as we guide the kids into coming up with solutions.

c. Encouragement of independence

Encouraging independent thinking is vital for promoting critical thinking in children. This involves giving children the freedom to express their own opinions, ideas, and perspectives. When we appreciate their thoughts, provide room for thinking outside the box, we are building in them the trait of critical thinking. It is important to create a supportive and inclusive environment where children feel comfortable sharing their thoughts and engaging in constructive discussions.

d. Reflective discussion

Engaging in reflective discussions is another effective way to promote critical thinking in children. After completing a task or activity, take the time to have a discussion with your child. Encourage them to reflect on their thought process, review what they learned, and how they could approach the task differently in the future. The children, therefore, develop with metacognitive skills from engaging in these discussions and learn the art of thinking critically.

e. Present real-life examples and situations

Real practical illustrations are an effective tool that creates critical thinking within children. Abstract concepts are thereby linked with real-life situations, hence children are better able to understand and apply. Whether it’s discussing current events, analysing a historical event, or examining a scientific discovery, using real-world examples provides children with concrete contexts in which to apply their critical thinking abilities.

Incorporating critical thinking into everyday activities

Parents can use everyday activities as opportunities through which they can cement and help cultivate critical thinking skills in their children. Activities such as reading with them and discussing the plot or outline of books they have read, doing puzzles and riddles together, carrying out discussions on how strategy games are played, or just talking of things that have come up during the day without necessarily asking questions of their children. By incorporating critical thinking into daily routines, we are helping children develop a lifelong habit of thinking critically.

The role of parents and educators in nurturing critical thinking skills

Parents and educators are instrumental in promoting critical thinking skills among children. By creating a supportive and stimulating learning environment, parents and educators can encourage children to think critically and explore new ideas. Parents and teachers can give directions, pose interesting questions, and create scenarios where the children could apply critical thinking skills. 

Common challenges and how to overcome them

While promoting critical thinking in children is essential, it is not without its challenges. Common challenges associated with promoting children’s critical thinking, include resistance to change or fear of making mistakes. Some students might not be keen to think critically because of a fear of going wrong. To overcome this challenge, it is important to create a safe and supportive environment where mistakes are seen as learning opportunities. Encourage children to take risks, embrace failure as part of the learning process, and celebrate their efforts and progress.


Nurturing critical thinking skills in children is crucial for their future success. By promoting critical thinking, we are empowering children to become independent thinkers, problem solvers, and decision-makers. Through strategies such as encouraging open-ended questions, providing opportunities for problem-solving, and engaging in reflective discussions, we can foster the development of critical thinking skills in children. By incorporating critical thinking into everyday activities, parents and educators can create a rich learning environment that nurtures the thinkers of tomorrow.

As we delve into the exploration of critical thinking and its profound impact on a child’s development, it is evident that Palm Global Academy is dedicated to fostering well-rounded individuals. At our online school, specialising in KS2, KS3, IGCSEs, Arabic, and Quran education, we recognise the pivotal role of critical thinking in shaping future leaders and innovators. The principles discussed here align seamlessly with our commitment to providing a comprehensive educational experience. To learn more about how Palm Global Academy integrates critical thinking into its curriculum and nurtures independent thinkers, visit our website. Join us in preparing your child for a future where analytical skills, effective communication, and confident decision-making are key components of success. Explore the transformative opportunities that await at Palm Global Academy, where we shape young minds for a world that demands critical thinkers and proactive problem solvers.

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